Cut Flower Production

Cut flowers may be taken from long lasting or short lived plants (e.g. a rose plant gives flowers for many years, but annual flowers are replanted each season). Annual crops may be more suited for automation. Flowers for the cut flower industry may be grown in a greenhouse or in the open, such as fields of tulips.



Scope of Work

Outdoor flower production:

  • Operating machinery
  • Preparing and forming the soil
  • Sowing seeds
  • Digging trenches for planting larger plants

Indoor flower production:

  • Preparing pots for planting
  • Cutting stems
  • Packaging
  • Everyday tasks:
  • Spraying for pests and diseases
  • Weed control
  • Feeding
  • Watering
  • Harvesting

Some of these tasks may be done manually, depending on the nature and scope of the flowers being produced, the size of the facility and costs. Otherwise, they may be automated and carried out by machines.


What You Need to Learn

  • Flower knowledge - Botany, identification, classification, use as cut flowers
  • Harvest & post-harvest - Harvesting methods & equipment, processing (e.g. drying flowers), storage
  • Cultural techniques - Pruning, watering, planting, transplanting, staking, fertilising
  • Health management - Plant pests, diseases and environmental disorders, biosecurity
  • Propagation - Cuttings, seed, division, layering, grafting, tissue culture
  • Environmental control - Ventilation, irrigation, heating, cooling, lighting, CO2 injection
  • Soils - Potting media & soil structure, chemistry, soil management techniques
  • Tools & equipment - Selecting the right tools, correct use, maintenance & repair
  • Communication skills - Dealing with clients, arranging appointments, giving advice
  • Sales skills - Interacting with customers, selling flowers, earning repeat business, networking with suppliers, placing orders, keeping inventories, marketing, advertising
  • Health & safety - Assessment of risks & hazards, use of personal protective equipment, alarms & drills, basic first aid procedures  


Starting a Career

Entry pathways include:

  • General garden labourer
  • Nursery or garden centre work
  • Voluntary work with gardening clubs or local horticultural enterprises
  • Working in a related area, such as crop production
  • Networking at flower shows and taking classes
  • Studying the basics of flowers and taxonomy

Skills needed vary with the type of role taken, but it is quite possible to learn on the job. Wherever you start, spend time learning from other staff. Identify gaps in your knowledge and look for courses and books to fill them.


Progressing a Career

Hard work and perseverance will get you far in the cut flower industry, but if you want to advance a career then you will need to learn more! It's important to know about different types of plants, plant cultural techniques, and plant health. If you understand different methods of propagation and working in protective structures like greenhouses or glasshouses, then there are likely to be more opportunities to change jobs and get into the upper echelons of management.  

Keep up to date with current trends and technological advancements:

  • Join trade associations or bodies  
  • Attend garden shows, agricultural shows and trade shows
  • Attend workshops and seminars
  • Undertake further study

Any courses taken should be ones which help to reinforce what you learn rather than quick fix courses. They can be evening courses or courses provided by distance education, so long as the course providers have suitably qualified tutors who can provide adequate feedback.

Within the cut flower industry there are opportunities to move up the ladder from general assistant to supervisory or management positions. Some may even seek to ultimately establish their own cut flower business, or perhaps switch toward floristry.

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