Learn to Manage Refrigeration of Farm Produce
- Vegetables, Fruit and Herbs
- Meat and Fish
- Cut Flowers
- Oil extracts and any other produce from a farm
In today’s world, refrigeration, and the technology behind it, is one of the most important aspects in the food supply chain and paramount in getting food from the farm to the consumer in a fresh, edible and safe state. Not only food, but also cut flowers, seeds, extracted oils and other products produced by farms all need to be kept at an optimum temperature; hence an understanding of refrigeration may be very important to farmers, traders and manufacturers of most types of farm produce.
Learn about post-harvest refrigeration of agricultural produce:
- What to cool, chill, refrigerate or freeze
- How it is done
- The benefits for different farm produce
Nature & Scope of Refrigeration
The Refrigeration Process
The Vapour Compression System
Heat Load Calculations
The Refrigeration Cycle: Refrigerants & Components
Applied Refrigeration: Farm Produce
Applied Refrigeration: Other Products
Explain the nature and scope of refrigeration by providing a general overview of the concepts.
Outline what happens to the physical properties of substances during refrigeration and different refrigeration methods, especially vapour compression.
Describe the vapour compression refrigeration system and its components.
Describe the nature of cooling and freezing items and outline how to calculate the heat load to be removed in order to carry out these processes.
Outline the principles behind the basic refrigeration cycle, and selection of refrigerants and components.
Explain refrigeration and chilling techniques for a range of edible products.
Explain refrigeration and chilling techniques for a range of products other than edible produce.
Outline the difference between freezing and refrigerating and how freezing methods can be used to store a range of goods.
NATURE OF REFRIGERATION
Refrigeration is the removal of heat from a space or a substance whether in the form of solids, liquids or gases in order to lower their temperature. More specifically, refrigeration is the process of removing heat energy from a low temperature reservoir and transferring it to a higher temperature reservoir. The process is cyclical in nature meaning that it repeats itself. The heat transfer work is generally driven by mechanical means however it can also be driven by heat, magnetism, electricity, sound or other means.
Refrigeration has many applications ranging from domestic household refrigerators to larger industrial refrigerators/freezers and cryogenics.
Many food products can become spoiled because of the internal chemical reactions that can cause ripening, fermentation and the growth of certain moulds and bacteria. These processes can be stopped altogether or slowed down significantly by the storage at low temperatures. The optimum storage temperature varies between the different kinds of products. In order to preserve moisture within products, many are stored and chilled in areas where the humidity is kept at a high level. This ensures that moisture is retained in the air and avoids excessive moisture loss from the product.
Once produce is harvested it deteriorates quickly unless it can be promptly placed in a cool environment. Transportation from farm cool rooms to the food markets or food processors also causes deterioration - if the produce isn’t handled and cooled correctly. Refrigerated transport vehicles are very commonly used for this purpose. Refrigeration, therefore, has a high impact in society and industry today due to the need to preserve items of food or produce to enable transport to take place over long distances and durations and to keep products at peak freshness.